Articles – A List Apart

 

article list

A list of articles, tutorials and guidelines from the W3C Internationalization Activity. Articles & tutorials. You can also find resources using the page Internationalization techniques: Authoring HTML & CSS, which provides more fine-grained access to information. Getting started. Characters. Language. Principles of Choosing an Article. Choosing articles and determiners: Briefly defined, a determiner is a noun-marker: when you see one, you know that what follows is a noun or noun phrase. There is a list of such words in the table below. English Articles. Learning the English Articles displayed below is vital to the language. English articles are words that combine with a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun. Generally articles specify the grammatical definiteness of the noun.


List of lists of lists - Wikipedia


Article list these words will tell the reader or listener whether we're referring to a specific or general article list the garage out back; A horse! A horse! My kingdom for a horse! The choice of the proper article or determiner to precede a noun or noun phrase is usually not a problem for writers who have grown up speaking English, nor is article list a serious article list for non-native writers whose first language is a romance language such as Spanish.

For other writers, though, this can be a considerable obstacle on the way to their mastery of English. Determiners are said to "mark" nouns. That is to say, you know a determiner will be followed by a noun. Some categories of determiners are limited there are only three articles, a handful of possessive pronouns, etc. This limited nature of most determiner categories, however, explains why determiners are grouped apart from adjectives even though both serve a modifying function.

We can imagine that the article list will never tire of inventing new adjectives; the determiners except for those possessive nounson the other hand, are well established, and this class of words is not going to grow in number. The demonstratives this, that, these, those, such are discussed in the section on Demonstrative Pronouns. Notice that the possessive nouns differ from the other determiners in that they, themselves, are often accompanied by other determiners: " my mother's rug," " the priests's collar," " a dog's life, article list.

Like articles, quantifiers are words that precede and modify nouns. They article list us how many or how much. Selecting the correct quantifier depends on your understanding the distinction between Count and Non-Count Nouns, article list.

For our purposes, we will choose the count noun trees and the non-count noun dancing :. In formal academic writing, it is usually better to use many and much rather than article list such as a lot of, lots of and plenty of. There is an important difference between "a little" and "little" used with non-count words and between "a few" and "few" used with count words, article list.

If I say that Tashonda has a little experience in management that means that although Tashonda is no great expert she does have some experience and that experience might well be enough for our purposes. If I say that Tashonda has little experience in management that means that she doesn't have enough experience. If I say that Charlie owns few books on Latin American literature, that means he doesn't have enough for our purposes and we'd better go to the library.

Unless it is combined with ofthe quantifier "much" is reserved for questions and negative statements:, article list. Note that the quantifier "most of the" must include the definite article list the when it modifies a specific noun, article list, whether it's a count or a non-count noun: "most of the instructors at this college have a doctorate"; "most of the water has evaporated, article list.

HarperCollins: New York. Examples our own. An indefinite article is sometimes used in conjunction with the quantifier manythus joining a plural quantifier with a singular noun which then takes a singular verb :.

This construction lends itself to a somewhat literary effect some would say a stuffy or archaic effect and is best used sparingly, if at all. The predeterminers occur prior to other determiners as you would probably guess from their name, article list. The multipliers precede plural count article list mass nouns and occur with singular count nouns denoting number or amount:. In fractional expressionswe have a similar construction, but here it can be replaced with "of" construction.

The intensifiers occur in this construction primarily in casual speech and writing and are more common in British English than they are in American English. The intensifier "what" is often found in stylistic fragments: "We visited my brother in his dorm room, article list. What a mess! Half, both, and all can occur with singular and plural count nouns ; half and all can occur with mass nouns, article list. There are also "of constructions" with these words "all [of] the grain," "half [of] his salary" ; the "of construction" is required with personal pronouns "both of them," "all of it".

The following chart from Quirk and Greenbaum nicely describes the uses of these three predeterminers:. The is called the definite article because it usually precedes a specific or previously mentioned noun ; a and an are called indefinite articles because they are used to refer to something in a less specific manner an unspecified count noun.

These words are also listed among the noun markers or determiners because they are almost invariably followed by a noun or something else acting as a noun. Even after you learn all the principles behind article list use of these articles, you will find an abundance of article list where choosing the correct article or choosing whether to use one or not will prove chancy, article list.

Icy highways are dangerous. The icy highways are dangerous. And both are correct. The is used with specific nouns. The is required when the noun it refers to represents something that is one of a kind:. The is required when the noun it refers to represents something in the abstract:. The is required when the noun it refers to represents something named earlier in the text. See below. If you would like help with the distinction between count and non-count nouns, please refer to Count and Non-Count Nouns.

We use a before singular count-nouns that begin with consonants a cow, article list, a barn, a sheep ; we use an before singular count-nouns that begin with vowels or vowel-like sounds an apple, article list, an urban blight, an open door.

Words that begin with an h sound often require an a as in a horse, a history book, a hotelbut if an h-word begins with an actual vowel sound, article list, use an an as in an hour, an honor, article list. We would say a useful device and a union matter because the u of those words actually sounds article list yoo as opposed, article list, say, to the u article list an ugly incident. The same is true of a European and a Euro because of that consonantal "Yoo" sound, article list.

We would say a once-in-a-lifetime experience or a one-time hero because the words once and one begin with a w sound as if they were spelled wuntz and won. Merriam-Webster's Dictionary says that we can use an before an h- word that begins with an unstressed syllable. Many writers would call that an affectation and prefer that we say a historical, but apparently, this choice is a matter of personal taste.

For help on using articles with abbreviations and acronyms a or an FBI agent? First and subsequent reference: When we first refer to something in written text, we often use an indefinite article to modify it. In a subsequent reference to this newspaper, however, article list, we will use the definite article:. Generic reference: We can refer to something in a generic way by using any of the three articles, article list.

We can do the same thing by omitting the article altogether. The difference between the generic indefinite pronoun and the normal indefinite pronoun is that the latter refers to any of that class "I want to buy a beagle, and any old beagle will do.

Zero articles: Several kinds of nouns never use articles. We do not use articles with the names of languages "He was learning Article list. Her major is Religious Studies. When they are generic, non-count nouns and sometimes plural count-nouns are used without articles, article list.

We adore Baroque music. We use roses for many purposes. The computers, unfortunately, don't work. Principles of Choosing an Article Choosing articles and determiners: Briefly defined, a determiner is a noun-marker: when you see one, you know that what follows is a noun or noun phrase.

There is a list of such words in the table below, article list. Zero article see table below means either that no article would be appropriate with that kind of noun or that that kind of noun can be used in that context without an article. If you would like to see these images listed on one page, click HERE, article list. Notice that there is a difference between a "stressed" some or any and an "unstressed" some or any.

In terms of the words they usually modify, the unstressed some and any do not modify singular count nouns, article list. Longman Group: Essex, England. Used with permission. The online journal for Teachers of English as a Second Language has several quizzes on article usage. Article list should be forewarned, article list, however, that the best way to address this problem if it is one is to immerse oneself in the use article list English, paying particular attention to these "little words.

Definition Jump to Articles Articles, determiners, and quantifiers are those little words that precede and modify nouns: the teacher, a college, a bit of honey, article list, that person, those people, whatever purpose, either way, article list, your choice Sometimes these words will tell the reader or listener whether we're referring to a specific or general thing the garage out back; A horse!

Some Notes on Quantifiers Like articles, quantifiers are words that precede and modify nouns. Unless it is combined with ofarticle list, the quantifier "much" is article list for questions and negative statements: Much of the snow has already melted.

How article list snow fell yesterday? Not much. Most students apply to several colleges. An indefinite article is sometimes used in conjunction with the quantifier manythus joining a plural quantifier with a singular article list which then takes a singular verb : Many a young man has fallen in love with her golden hair.

Many an apple has fallen by October, article list. Jump to Articles. He's dying of pneumonia. Appendicitis nearly killed him. She has article list You will sometimes hear "the measles," "the mumps," but these, too, can go without articles.

 

English Articles

 

article list

 

Submit an article directory: This is for article direstories westdelcors.cf, don't waste your time submitting other websites - they will be rejected. Principles of Choosing an Article. Choosing articles and determiners: Briefly defined, a determiner is a noun-marker: when you see one, you know that what follows is a noun or noun phrase. There is a list of such words in the table below. The best way to prepare for your next job application, interview, or performance review takes just a few minutes each week. Jessica Ivins tells us about the Career Management Document, how it can help your career, and how to get started.